- They are based on projects and when the project ends, very often the programme or the activities die with it;
- They are too dependent on “donor” funding and when the “donor” is not interested anymore, the programme ends, and
- Environment and development continue to be seen as two different issues.
In brief, conservation projects in Africa are generally not self-sustainable, from a financial point of view. Then, financial resources are used and dispersed during the project life cycle, without creating any flywheel to permit, in the long term, to generate revenues.
BIOFIN is managed by the UNDP and 4 African countries participate in this initiative. Moreover, UNDP promotes additional conservation projects to improve the sustainable financing of protected areas systems.